EPP Faculty :: Erica R.H. Fuchs

Erica R.H. Fuchs

Department of Engineering and Public Policy
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue
Baker Hall 131E
Pittsburgh, PA 15213

Phone: (412) 268-1877

Associate Professor, Engineering and Public Policy

Globalization; international technology and operations management, innovation and industrial policy.


  • Ph.D. (Engineering Systems), 2006, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • S.M. (Technology Policy), 2003, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • S.B. (Materials Science and Engineering), 1999, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Positions Held

  • Carnegie Mellon 2007-


    Erica R.H. Fuchs is an Associate Professor in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University. Her research focuses on the role of government in technology development and the effect of location on the competitiveness of new technologies. Dr. Fuchs was selected in 2012 as World Economic Forum Young Scientist (top 40 under 40, internationally). Her NSF CAREER award-supported research focuses on rethinking national innovation systems. She has also been honored as a Carnegie Institute of Technology Early Career Dean’s Fellow (2013) for her research on how manufacturing and product development differ when undertaken in the U.S. versus other nations and the implications for U.S. competitiveness, and as an Oak Ridge Associated Universities Junior Faculty Fellow (2008) for her research on the impact of offshoring on technology directions. Over the past three years, Dr. Fuchs has been playing a growing role in national meetings on the future of U.S. advanced manufacturing, including advising the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology during a one-day workshop and welcoming President Obama during his 2011 visit to Carnegie Mellon to announce the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership. She currently serves on the U.S. Advisory Committee to the International Commission for Optics and previously served on the National Research Council committee on future trends and challenges in optical science. She is a member of the Advisory Editorial Board for Research Policy. Before coming to CMU, Dr. Fuchs completed her Ph.D. in Engineering Systems at M.I.T. in June 2006. She received her Masters and her Bachelors degrees also from M.I.T. in Technology Policy (2003) and Materials Science and Engineering (1999), respectively. Dr. Fuchs spent 1999-2000 as a fellow at the United Nations in Beijing, China. There, she conducted research at state-owned industrial boiler manufacturers on policies to encourage innovation. Her work has been published among other places in Journal of Lightwave TechnologyComposite Science and TechnologyResearch Policy, and Management Science; and has been covered on National Public Radio and in the New York Times.  Dr. Fuchs has been an invited speaker at a wide range of venues including the World Economic Forum Summer Davos, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Advisory Council on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, and the Council on Foreign Relations.

    Selected Publications

    1. Woolley, A. and Fuchs, E., "Collective Intelligence in the Organization of Science", Invited Paper. Special Issue on New Directions in Organization Science. Organization Science, 22(5): 1359-1367, , 2011.
    2. Fuchs, E.,Kirchain, R., and Liu, S., "The Future of Silicon Photonics – Not So Fast?: The Case of 100G Ethernet LAN Transceivers", Journal of Lightwave Technology", 29(15): 2319-2326, 2011.
    3. Fuchs, E., Field, F., Roth, R., and Kirchain, R., "Plastic Cars in China? The Signifiance of Production Location over Markets for Technology Competitiveness", International Journal of Production Economics, 132(2011): 79-92., 2011.
    4. Fuchs, E., and Kirchain, R., "Design for Location?: The Impact of Manufacturing Off-Shore on Technology Competitiveness in the Optoelectronics Industry", Management Science, 56(12): 2323-2349, 2010.
    5. Fuchs, E., "Rethinking the Role of the State in Technology Development: DARPA and the Case for Embedded Network Governance", , Lead article, Research Policy, 39(2010): 1133-1147, 2010.
    6. Fuchs, E. , "Cloning DARPA Successfully", Issues in Science and Technology, Volume XXVI. Number 1. Fall 2009, 2009.
    7. Fuchs, E., Field, F., Roth, R., and Kirchain, R, "Strategic Materials Selection in the Automotive Body: Economic Opportunities for Polymer Composite Design", Composite Science and Technology, 68(9): 1989-2002, 2008.
    8. Fuchs, E., Bruce, E., Ram, R., and Kirchain, R, "Process-Based Cost Modeling of Photonics Manufacture: The Cost-Competitiveness of Monolithic Integration of a 1550nm DFB Laser and an Electro-Absorptive Modulator on an InP Platform", Journal of Lightwave Technology, 24(8): 3175-3186, 2006.
    9. Veloso, Francisco and Fuchs, E., "The Future of the Asian Auto Industry: Regional Integration, Alternative Designs, and Chinese Leadership", International Journal of Vehicle Designm, 35(1): 111-136, 2002.
    10. Fuchs, E.and Johnsson, P, "Inclusion Characteristics in Bearing Steel and During Ingot Casting", High Temperature Materials and Processes, 19(5): 333-344, 2000.


    1. (Committee Member.), "Harnessing Light: Capitalizing on Optical Science Trends and Challenges for Future Research", Board of Manufacturing and Engineering Design, National Materials Advisory Board, National Academy of Sciences. In press(2012).

    Book Chapters

    1. Argote, L. Dennome, C. and Fuchs, E., "Organization Learning across Boundaries: The Effect of Geographic Distribution on Organizational Learning and Knowledge Transfer", Handbook on Organizational Learning and Knowledge Management, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
    2. Fuchs, E., "DARPA Does Moore’s Law: The Case of DARPA and Optoelectronic Interconnects", Invited chapter in State of Innovation: The U.S. Government’s Role in Technology Development, Ed. by Fred Block and William Keller. Paradigm Publishers, 2011.
    3. Fuchs, E., "Remembering Comparative Advantage: Leveraging National Differences in Technology Competitiveness. Invited Contribution. Report by CMU and the Atlantic Council to the G-20 Leaders", Forthcoming as a chapter in a book by the same name with C.M.U. Press, 2009.

    Working Papers

    1. Fuchs, E. "Why the global redistribution of manufacturing matters for the future of products. 2014. Under review.
    2. Denomme, C., Epple, D., Argote, L., and Fuchs, E. 2014. "Learning by Doing in a Multi-Product Manufacturing Environment: Product Variety, Customizations, and Overlapping Product Generations". NBER Working paper No 19674. Under review.
    3. Yang, C., Nugent, R., and Fuchs, E. 2014. "Gains from Other's Losses: Technology Trajectories and the Global Division of Firms"Under review.
    4. Ventura, S., Nugent, R., and Fuchs, E. 2014. "Shedding New Light into Inventor Disambiguation with Classification Models and Labeled Inventor Records"Under review.
    5. Helveston, J., Liu, Y., Feit, E., Fuchs, E., Klampfl, E., and Michalek, J. 2014. "Will subsidies drive electric vehicle adoption in China and the U.S.?". Under review.
    6. Akinsanmi, W., Reagans, R., and Fuchs, E. 2014. "Seeing Rainbows while Others Flee: How innovation in the most advanced optoelectronics technology grew after the burst of the telecommunications bubble".
    7. Khan, H., Hounshell, D. and Fuchs, E. 2014. "A new role for public-private partnerships in long-term technology development?: Insights from the nanoelectronics research initiative".
    8. Sakti, A., Michalek, J., Fuchs, E., and Whitacre, J. 2014. "A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for personal vehicle electrification".
    9. Sakti, A., Azevedo, I., Fuchs, E., Michalek, J., Gallagher, K., and Whitacre, J. 2014. "An elicitation of expert assessments of current and future Li-ion battery cell and pack cost, and designs for personal vehicle electrification".
    10. Fuchs, E., 2014. "On the relationship between manufacturing and innovation: Why not all technologies are created equal".
    11. Fuchs, E., 2014. "Platform Leaders, True Believers and Coordinated Innovation: The Role of Key Architects in Influencing Technology Trajectories for Moore's Law".

    CV | Bio